Loi n° 15/ du 1eraoût portant modalités d’application des droits de la femme . des listes électorales dans les conditions prévues par la Loi électorale. PACEC: Projet d’appui au processus électoral en RDC .. o La loi n°15/ du 12 février , valant loi électorale, modifiant et. 28 juil. Conformément à l’article de la loi électorale en vigueur en , la caution était payée par liste et non par siège au montant de FC.
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RDC: le projet de loi électorale enfin voté
What should be done? On 4 Julya memorandum by the opposition party UDPS complaining of voter registration irregularities gave rise to the first clash between police and protesters in Kinshasa. The modifications intended by the ruling party this time fdc to shift rules for the election of deputies, which in many cases may have affected their re-election. Later the same year, the court also convicted him of witness tampering.
A delay would be all the more problematic given that voter registration — which is nearing its end — has taken longer than expected. However, the MLC is still one of the major opposition formations and has one of four opposition representatives — with Nadine Mishika Tshishima, who is deputy quaestor deputy head of finances — in the electoral commission CENI.
During his imprisonment 205 The Hague, Bemba remained president of the MLC and senator, and even hoped to run in the presidential election. Despite his acquittal, Bemba was not immediately freed because he is still awaiting final sentence in the separate case in which he was found guilty of influencing witnesses in relation to the principal case.
The situation remains fluid, but thus far two opposition blocs are emerging through a process of rec negotiation. Outside powers should keep pressing Kabila to stand down and allow opposition candidates to participate.
Présidence de la République Démocratique du Congo | Portail officiel
Hide Footnote However, as yet these courts have not been created. Hide Footnote was only included as a desired condition, rather than a legal requirement for electoral lists, as requested by some parties. Managers of combined companies state and private are, however, permitted to run. Parliamentary Resistance The ruling party expected the legislature to take only a few days to rubber stamp its changes, but instead parliamentarians spent three months over the bill, during which they amended it extensively.
Time for a Modest Deal: Bemba also has a strong national stature and is as well placed as Katumbi to attract allies and position himself at the centre of a countrywide coalition. It remains unclear whether Katumbi will be able to run, as he is facing numerous legal challenges, including claims that he has forfeited his Congolese citizenship. A year later, he was arrested on an ICC warrant in Belgium.
It is unclear at present how a Bemba bid for the presidency would sit with regional leaders. Opposition parties are operating under constraints, as the government continues to impose restrictions on political freedoms, clamp down on their meetings and harass several opposition leaders. In districts where no one list attains an absolute majority, proportional representation would be retained, with lists receiving seats based on their vote totals.
Both leaders have recently held talks with international partners and have discussed a possible electoral pact and prospects for uniting behind a single presidential candidate. He scored strongly in the west, north, Kasai and Kinshasa. International actors, particularly the African leaders whose pressure has been instrumental in moving electoral preparations forward thus far, should continue their push for Kabila to stand aside, for the government to allow opposition politicians to stand and for a credible vote.
And, last but not least, is Kabila willing to cede power and not contest the vote? Hide Footnote Women currently represent only As influential opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi and his party, the Union for Democracy and Social Progress UPDSboycotted the elections, Bemba was the uncontested candidate of the west as Kabila dominated in the east. Perhaps most important, it proposed changes to the way in which deputies are elected.
The adoption of the electoral law by both houses of the national assembly does not signify that the legal framework for elections is complete. How to Get U.
That a number of opposition leaders maintain the aura of being presidential hopefuls to strengthen their hand in intra-opposition negotiations further complicates efforts to arrive at a consensus. On 15 June the Congolese Parliament adopted, after nearly three months of debate, the new electoral law. In MarchBemba was convicted by the ICC and sentenced to eighteen years in prison on two counts of crimes against humanity and three counts of war crimes. He remained politically active in detention, as far as the conditions of his custody would allow, and it seems very likely that he will seek a political comeback.
Hide Footnote — and, in some cases, of losing their seats — deputies rejected the proposed bill on 11 May with votes, against only 23 who favoured the bill and 12 who abstained. That said, a more competitive contest could also prove a flashpoint for violence and will make it all the more important that Congolese citizens and politicians regard the vote as credible. But shorn of its figurehead, his party haemorrhaged support, losing 42 of its 64 seats in parliament in the elections.
Deputies will convene for an extraordinary session in July and the senators will meet in August to finalise the annexes to the electoral law, which include determining electoral districts. On this important point, the recommendations of the European Union have not been heeded by the Congolese legislature. The ruling party expected the legislature to take only a few days to rubber stamp its changes, but instead parliamentarians spent three months over the bill, during which they amended it extensively.
Moreover several provinces saw demands to extend it and the opposition has denounced irregularities. Hide Footnote electoral disputes fall under the jurisdiction of the Constitutional Court for presidential and legislative elections, the Administrative Court of Appeals for provincial elections, and the Administrative Tribunal for urban, communal and local elections.
Hide Footnote Here again lawmakers reaffirmed their authority as lio check electorle executive power. Although rejecting major changes, the legislature nevertheless introduced several innovations to the new electoral law: Hide Footnote Kinshasa is currently a bastion of the opposition, but this new division would have created several districts in the capital favouring the ruling party or its allies.
For a recent example in Chad, cf. In an attempt to prevent the use of state resources for campaigns, parliamentarians retained the prohibition of the managers of public companies and civil servants competing as candidates. Another close Katumbi ally, former rebel leader Mbusa Nyamwisi, also has a difficult past with Bemba — they were on opposing sides in a bloody war in the north east in and From his cell in The Hague, Bemba kept tight control over the party but there is little doubt it would have suffered further losses in the forthcoming elections without his release.