CAM has embarked on an analysis of a series of such landmark decisions in an attempt to present a The case of Kesavananda Bharati v. The critical analysis of Kesavananda Bharati case. Abstract: The more often faceoff between the legislature and the judiciary is one of the. Case Study: Kesavananda Bharati vs State Of Kerala And Anr 24 April, Name of the case – Kesavananda Bharati vs State Of Kerala.

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The bench gave eleven separate judgements, which agreed on some points and differed on others. Therefore, the width of the power of amendment could not be enlarged by amending the amending power itself.

Kesavananda Bharati Vs. State of Kerala

It was expressed that no amount of property shall be compulsorily be acquired or requisitioned save by authority of law which provides for the acquisition or requisitioning of the property for an amount which may be fixed by such law or which maybe determined in accordance with such principles and given in such manner as may be specified in such law; and no such law be called in question in nay court on the ground that the amount so fixed of determined in not adequate or that whole or part of such amount is to be given in cash.

The judgment delivered on April 24, was immediately the subject of controversy. Citation s 4 SCC Holding There are certain principles within the framework of Indian Constitution which are inviolable and hence cannot be amended by the Parliament.

He prayed that the provisions of anwlysis Kerala Land Reforms Act, Act 1 of as amended by the Kerala Land Reforms Amendment Act Act 35 of be declared unconstitutional, ultra vires and void.

However, they have, in their conclusion, mentioned that in the exercise of this aforementioned power, the Parliament cannot emasculate the basic elements or fundamental features of the Constitution. The Court partially cemented the prior precedent Golaknath v. While this case has been discussed, written about and cherished for over forty years, rarely has the correctness of it been questioned.


Judicial review does not necessarily reflect what the Constitution says. First, the power of amending the Constitution provided for under Article was conferred not on Parliament but on the two Houses of Parliament as designated body and, therefore, the provisional Parliament was not competent to exercise that power under Article The doctrine has been tweaked at regular intervals to accommodate judicial ideology and morality.

The 42nd Amendment, enacted inis considered to be the immediate and most direct fall out of the judgement. Supreme Court of India. While there are several crucial aspects of this case, the most prominent aspect and the one that will be discussed here is the adoption of the Basic Structure Doctrine.

Kesavananda Bharati Vs. State of Kerala – Law Times Journal

Therefore, a Constitutional amendment will be valid even if it abridges or takes any of the fundamental rights. A widely perpetuated myth is that the Basic Structure doctrine has never failed us. Keshvananda denied them such power. The majority held that article even before the 24th Amendment contained the power as well as the procedure of amendment. Related Articles Roma locuta, causa finita est: If a law made by Parliament or the state legislatures violates any provision of the Constitution, the Supreme Court has the power to declare such a law invalid or ultra vires.

This is completely erroneous and as far from the truth as it gets.

It can be said that the Indian legal fraternity won the case but by a wafer thin majority of 7: Although the court upheld the basic structure doctrine by only the narrowest of margins, it has since gained widespread acceptance and legitimacy due to subsequent cases and judgments.

The fundamental question dealt in Kesavananda Bharati v State of Kerala is whether the nharati to amend the constitution is an unlimited, or there is identifiable parameters regarding powers to amend the constitution.

CooperMadhavrao Scindia and Golak Nath. Golaknath gave primacy to fundamental rights. The Keshavananda Bharti case depicts the tussle between Articles 13 2 and The building of a welfare State is the ultimate goal of every Government but that does not mean that in order to build a welfare Kezavananda, human freedoms have to suffer a total destruction.


Hormasji Seervai had made an argument in Kesavanan da Bharati that the power of amendment conferred upon Parliament must be coextensive with the power of judicial review conferred upon the judiciary, because otherwise the judiciary would be supreme.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Democracy is by, for and of the people. And so, 13 judges were to sit on the Kesavananda bench. Archived copy as title.

Fifthly, the Amendment Act, in so far as it purports to take away or abridge the rights conferred by Part III of the Constitution, falls within the prohibition of Article 13 2. Union of India — Delhi Ridge Caze.

Held that the word ‘amendment’ was used in the sense of permitting a change, in contradistinction to destruction, which the repeal or abrogation brings about. The bill in the present case having been admittedly amended in several particulars during its passage through the House, the Amendment Act cannot be said to have been passed in conformity with the procedure prescribed in Article Parliament cannot damage or destroy the basic features of the Constitution.

Bangladesh 41 DLR App. The basic structure doctrine was adopted by the Supreme Court of Bangladesh inby expressly relying on the reasoning in the Kesavananda case, in its ruling on Anwar Hossain Chowdhary v.

In order to properly appreciate that case, it is necessary first to have a look at Sri Sankari Prasad Singh Deo v. Union of India, A. The Procedure prescribed for the amendment is mandatory.

However, the Court affirmed another proposition also asserted analtsis the Kesaavnanda case, by ruling that the expression “amendment” of this Constitution in article means any addition or change in any of the provisions of the Constitution within the broad contours of the Preamble and the Constitution to carry out the objectives in the Preamble and the Directive Principles. Mukherjee and Yeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud.