Notes to Hasdai Crescas Rabbi Josef Ibn Shem Tov, the Hebrew translator, says that Crescas wrote another polemical book in Catalan based on quotations . Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas, (born , Barcelona?—died , Saragossa, Spain), Spanish philosopher, Talmudic scholar, and critic of the Aristotelian. Hasdai Crescas was a Spanish Jewish philosopher who lived from In The Jewish Religion, Rabbi Louis Jacobs described Crescas as “one of the.

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But in this case, as in others, Crescas weaves together different sources and utilizes them freely in his goal to build one unified opinion. On this book see Ravitzky These attributes have the same essence as human attributes, but they are infinite in both number and strength. On the subject of the essence of the soul along with reward and punishment after death, Crescas builds a philosophical critique of the Maimonidean-Aristotelian opinion and proposes instead a more traditional view.

All of Aristotle’s arguments are based on the distance between different points, and this response cancels these arguments. The period of the Ethics opposition to Aristotelianism In Judaism: Aristotelianism, through the works of Maimonidesinfluenced by Arab philosopher Ibn Sina AvicennaGersonides Ralbagand Ibn Roshd Averroeswas threatening to blur the distinctness of the Jewish faith. According to this opinion, the Jewish community knew Abner’s ideas and was dismayed by Crescas’s utilization of the apostate’s views.

Another important Jewish philosopher of the medieval period was Moses Maimonides Man’s ultimate purpose, his highest good, is love, manifested in obedience to God’s laws.

Aben Ezra Ediciones, Still, though enjoying the high esteem even of prominent non-Jews, he did not escape the common fate of his coreligionists. The same is true regarding the question of an infinite that can include another infinite.

The Jewish Publication Society. Man’s highest perfection is attained principally through love, the longing for the fountainhead of all good. Abner of Burgos Albo, Joseph determinism: These attributes do not describe the divine essence, but they do describe things that always accompany the divine essence, in much the same way a flame accompanies a live coal.

Rabbi Hasdai Crescas ca.

In general, bibliographies of recent works are going to be much better linked than bibliographies of primary literature and older works. Hasai was a problem with your submission. If, for example, we posit two infinitely long rectangles before us, with one being meters high and the other cresscas 1-meter high, then in Crescas’s opinion the first one is ten times bigger than the second despite the fact that both squares are infinite in area.


In this argumentation, Crescas criticizes the opinion drescas Maimonides that love of God is a function of knowledge. God is the first cause and knows all the laws of the world. Help us improve this article!

Hasdai Crescas – Wikipedia

The difference between the two books is clearer with regard to the question of the essence of miracles. A green link indicates that the item is available online at least partially. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.

The question of choice and free will Crescas devotes the crexcas part of the second essay to the question of free will. It is important to note too that Crescas haasdai the will of man as an accord between the attractive force and the imagination — two forces that are common to humans and beasts. Crexcas death, in the higher existence, the soul will enter upon greater possibilities of love.

The existence of God and relevant topics like his unity, his attributes, etc. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. A son of Crescas died in Barcelona, and the yeshiva of Barcelona, one of the most important in crescsa Middle Ages, disappeared.

Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas

In the early stage of his writing [ 16 ] Crewcas accepted the opinion of Maimonides that the attributes of God do not have any relation to the attributes of humans, and indeed Crescas defended this position against the arguments of Gersonides.

This is without crescxs doubt the major philosophical work and indeed the magnum opus of Crescas. Or Hashempp — By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Therefore, He knows the entirety of that which He has determined. He is considered important in the history of modern thought for his deep influence on Baruch Spinoza.


Connection and communion with God are not brought about by knowledge, but by love and reverence, leading us to God if we keep His commandments. Crescas refutes these proofs with his new definition of the different levels of material existence. As a part of his role, he tried to build a new generation of Jewish leaders. God’s omnipotence is not only infinite in time, but also in intensity. Views Read Edit View history. Nevertheless, he kept his faith.

God’s highest purpose is to enable man to participate in eternal bliss. Crescas thinks that the retribution of humans is a function of the interior psychological process of choice. The first main division opens with a thorough hasdzi of the twenty-five or twenty-six Aristotelian propositions “hakdamot” which Maimonides accepts as axiomatic and out of which he constructs his credcas of God.

According to Crescas, the easiest crewcas to express love for God is to fulfill obligations to him and to do what He commands. It is also the reason why Hasdaai reattribute’s only the actions that are under the control of one’s choice and the will of humans.

Crescas refutes this possibility by explaining the difference between a body that has both matter and dimension and therefore cannot go inside another such body and pure matter.

If everything goes well, this page should display the bibliography of the aforementioned article as it appears in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, but with links added to PhilPapers records and Google Scholar for your convenience. In the opinion of Maimonides, the majority of the commandments and all of the practical commandments are only intermediaries to achieving philosophical knowledge, which is the supreme goal of human endeavor.

Harvey critiques this position of Ravitzky and said that it is no probable that Crescas, as a Jewish philosopher, know the difficult Latin works of Dun Scott before the Hebrew book of the very knows apostate Abner. Crescas opposes this definition.