ESCALA DE DETERIORO GLOBAL DE REISBERG GDS PDF

la escala de deterioro global (GDS) de Reisberg. Se calculó la sensibilidad y especificidad del test episódico para detectar EA frente a DCLa y normalidad. DEL DETERIORO COGNITIVO en personas de edad avanzada . Criterio: Global Deterioration Scale GDS (Escala de deterioro global) de Reisberg estadío . «Existe acuerdo en que la enfermedad de Alzheimer es una enti- dad clinicopatológica por más tiempo de exclusión.» Barry Reisberg y colaboradores Escala de deterioro global (Global Deterioration Scale, GDS). Reisberg, B.; Ferris.

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To analyse the quality of life QoL of persons over 60 years of age in Bizkaia Basque Country, Spainnot institutionalised and without cognitive impairment, and the relation and possible influence of the perception of the state of health with the cognitive level and the activities that they carry out. Evaluation of a sample of persons that belong to a longitudinal study. In cases, there was a reliable informant.

The QoL was assessed with the SF Health Survey and the mental, physical and social activities that they carry out were recorded. In the SF, the participants showed values that exceed the reference values of the Spanish population in all dimensions of the SF, except in that of bodily pain. There were low correlations between the dimensions of the SF and the mental, physical and social activities.

Quality of Life in an Adult Population of More than 60 Years of Age without Cognitive Impairment

A low correlation was observed between the memory tests and the SF The participants of this study present a better perception of their state of health than the Spanish population, but this perception is not observed to be influenced by the type or by the quantity of activities that they carry out or by their cognitive state.

The informants present a vision very close to the cognitive state of their family members. Ageing entails an increase in chronic illnesses and in disabled persons [ 1 ]. In our region, there are many persons who reach advanced ages, but it is not known exactly with what quality of life QoL they do so. QoL, according to the World Health Organisation, is the perception that an individual has of his place of existence, in the context of culture and of the system of values in which he lives in relation to his expectations, his rules and his concerns, and it is influenced in a complex way by the physical health of the subject, his psychological state, his level of independence, his social relations, as well as by his relation with the essential elements of his environment.

Many studies have been conducted on the QoL of persons with different illnesses [ 23 ], few studies on older adults [ 4 ], and very few on independent older adults [ 5 ]. For this reason, the objective of this study is to describe and analyse the characteristics of a group of persons over 60 years of age living in Bizkaia Basque Country, Spainnot institutionalised, independent and without cognitive impairment, and to establish an association between the QoL, the cognitive state and performing leisure activities.

This is a longitudinal study directed by the Hospital Universitario de Basurto Basque Country, Spain that began in and that currently continues in centres for retired persons of Bizkaia belonging to the Bilbao Bizkaia Kutxa Kutxabank or in those of the Associations of Retired Persons of Bilbao. The persons comprising our sample were elderly, had no cognitive impairment, participated voluntarily and lived independently in their homes.

The inclusion criteria were: The analysed sample was comprised of persons: The majority either lived with their spouse or alone with spouse Of these persons, there was a reliable informant in of the cases. The persons that comprise our sample presented a mean score of Risk factors of cognitive deterioration [ 78910111213 ] were collected, such as arterial hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, diabetes mellitus, currently being a smoker or having been a smoker, heart disease, and family history of cognitive deterioration or dementia.

As for the SF survey, it is comprised of 36 items that evaluate the following dimensions or scales of the health-related QoL: In addition, two sums, the physical health component and the mental health component, were considered. Lgobal items generate a scale for each dimension that goes from 0 to and is administered by means of an interview [ 1920 ]. Blood was also extracted to form df of the Genetic Bank of the Hospital Universitario de Basurto, after having signed an informed consent form.

The statistical analysis was conducted with the SPSS v. Reisverg analyses of all the sociodemographic variables, risk factors and other information collected on the persons included in our sample, as well as the frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviations were included.

ESCALA GLOBAL DE DETERIORAMENT COGNITIU by Mariona Ribera on Prezi

Data were collected of the eight areas of the SF, for the total sample as well as divided by gender. The dimensions and sums of the SF were correlated with the activities carried out in their free time.

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The difference between the two GDS GDSd was calculated in order to find the level of awareness of the family member with respect to the cognitive state of the subject and correlations of the GDSd with the memory tests. The correlations re the memory tests, MMSE and Immediate Texts and Deferred Texts of the Barcelona Test were also calculated with the dimensions of the SF and with the different activities that are performed by the participants.

Quality of Life in an Adult Population of More than 60 Years of Age without Cognitive Impairment

Among the risk factors of cognitive deterioration, the presence of arterial hypertension stands out in Number and percentage of individuals carrying out different activities in their free time.

In all deeterioro dimensions, values above the reference values were presented except in the dimension of bodily pain. The dimensions with the greatest difference with respect to the reference values are physical functioning and social functioning. In the bodily pain dimension, a lower score was found, which would indicate that they suffer less pain.

As for the gender-based data, the women presented better scores in all the dimensions except in the role-emotional and bodily pain dimensions, and in the case of the men, higher scores were presented in all the scales. As for the LA, in the physical activities a mean of 1. Correlations of the eight dimensions and the two sums of the SF with the activities carried out in the free time. Considering the difference between the GDSf and GDSe, the family members have a ee perception of the study subjects since of gcs persons with informants, The correlations of the GDSd with the memory tests are significant but weak.

The strongest is a negative correlation with the Deferred Texts In deteriodo case of the MMSE, only three correlations are very resiberg The correlation of Immediate Text is only significant with the dimension of mental health and the correlation of Deferred Text is significant with vitality, mental health and with the sum of the mental health component. In this study, good scores in the SF dimensions were expected as it dealt with persons without cognitive impairment and who were independent; the scores obtained reieberg the mental health and functional capacity are considered the factors that most influence the perception of the state of health and Detreioro [ 422 ].

The general sample of this study conducted in Bizkaia presents a better state of health and perception of their QoL compared to the Spanish population aged more than 60 years [ 21 ].

The men as well as the women generally presented better scores than those established as a reference for their gender, and the men showed a worse score than the Spanish reference in only one of the dimensions, bodily pain, by reporting more pain. It was observed that the women presented a worse perception of their QoL than the men, as is also seen in other studies [ 5 ], while only in one of the dimensions, bodily pain, did the men show worse health than the women.

Despite expecting a strong relation between each type of activity with the related dimensions of the QoL test [ 2324 ], we did not deteriorro significant correlations between the QoL perceived by the sampled persons and the activities they carry out.

This may be due to the fact that on deterioroo the number of rfisberg performed by the participants does not reach 2 per person; therefore, there will be individuals who carry out many activities, which may give them a better perception of their health, but other persons barely carry out any activity at all, and for this reason, the good perception of their state of health ce be attributed to the performance of activities. It should also be taken into account that the study does not include intensity [ 25 ] and frequency with which they carry out the activities [ 26 ] as well as the type of exercise they do, for example, if it is aerobic [ 23 ], or if they have abandoned any of the activities.

The recording of more years would be needed in order to analyse whether the persons that keep being physically [ 27 ] and mentally active as they age show a better performance of the activities, better health and therefore also a better QoL [ 2829 ] and do not deteriorate cognitively [ 30 ], or whether this might actually accelerate the process of cognitive impairment, as some studies suggest [ 31 ].

The perception of the family members that served as informants is well adapted to the cognitive state of the study participants, which agrees with the studies that state that the information provided by the informants may fds early deterioration [ 32 ]. There are very few informants who present different results to those of the evaluator; in those cases where they did, it is due to the score the subjects obtained in the memory tests, where they did not state any problem in their daily activities, but their cognitive level had actually commenced to decrease.

We believe that having conducted the GDS test of the family members GDSf mostly by telephone did not influence the results like in other studies [ 33 ], because the evaluator was the same for all cases and contacted the informants after having evaluated the subjects; therefore, he knew the subjects’ state of health and combined the information provided by the informants with the objective memory measurements [ 32 ].

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It would be necessary reisherg compare the data of the sample of different years to analyse the beneficial effects [ 17 ]. In summary, the sampled older adults had a good perception of their health; however, it is necessary to analyse what variables influenced their perception since, as has been seen, in this globzl the cognitive state and the activities performed did not have a great influence. It is also necessary to compare the QoL of these persons and how they evolve over various years, identifying the causes of possible changes.

The ecsala wish to thank the Association of Retired Persons of Bizkaia and the older adult area of the Bilbao Bizkaia Kutxa Kutxabank for their collaboration and permission to evaluate the persons in their centres. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Dement Geriatr Cogn Dis Extra.

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Abstract Objectives To analyse the quality of life QoL of persons over 60 years of age in Bizkaia Basque Country, Spainnot institutionalised and without cognitive impairment, and the relation and possible influence of the perception of the state of health with the cognitive level and the activities that they carry out.

Subjects and Methods Evaluation of a sample of persons that belong to a longitudinal study. Results In the SF, the participants showed values that exceed the reference values of the Spanish population in all dimensions of the SF, except in that of bodily pain.

Conclusions The participants of this study present a better perception of their state of health than the Spanish population, but this perception is not observed to be influenced by the type or by the quantity of activities that they carry out or by their cognitive state.

Introduction Ageing entails an increase in chronic illnesses and in disabled persons [ 1 ]. Subjects and Methods Collection of Data This is a longitudinal study directed by the Hospital Universitario de Basurto Basque Country, Spain that began in and that currently continues in centres for retired persons of Bizkaia belonging to the Bilbao Bizkaia Kutxa Kutxabank or in those of the Associations of Retired Persons of Bilbao.

Subjects The analysed sample was comprised of persons: Table 1 Descriptive data of the sample. Open in a separate window. Instruments Risk factors of cognitive deterioration [ 78910111213 ] were reiisberg, such as arterial hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, diabetes mellitus, currently being a smoker or having been a smoker, heart disease, and family history of cognitive deterioration or dementia.

Results Among the risk factors of cognitive deterioration, the presence of arterial hypertension stands out in Table 2 Number and percentage of individuals carrying out different activities in their free time. Number of activities Social activities Physical activities Intellectual activities 0 Table 4 Correlations of the eight dimensions and the two sums of the SF with the activities carried out in the free time.

Table 5 GDS score and the correlation with the memory tests. Table 6 Correlations of memory tests with the dimensions and sums of the SF Discussion In this study, good scores in the SF dimensions were expected as it dealt with persons without cognitive impairment and who were independent; the scores obtained for the mental health and functional capacity are considered the factors that most influence the perception of the state of health and QoL [ 422 ].

Acknowledgements The authors wish to thank the Association of Retired Persons of Bizkaia and the older adult area of the Bilbao Bizkaia Kutxa Kutxabank for their collaboration and permission to evaluate the persons in their centres. Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol. Barnes D, Yaffe K. The projected effect of risk factor reduction on Alzheimer’s disease prevalence. Longitudinal associations between blood pressure and dementia in the very old. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. Diabetes and other vascular risk factors for dementia: Vascular risk factors promote conversion from mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer disease.

Smoking seterioro a risk factor for dementia and cognitive decline: Subtest 33, Memoria de Textos Leisure activities, cognition and dementia. The Global Deterioration Scale for assessment of primary degenerative dementia. Med Clin Barc ; Effects of aerobic exercise on mild cognitive impairment: Activity energy expenditure and incident cognitive impairment in older adults.

Leisure time physical activity of moderate to vigorous intensity and mortality: