Beliefs about medicines questionnaire (BMQ) Horne, Weinman, Hankins, () Psychology and Health, 14, BMQ –Specific. Your views about medicines. This paper presents a novel method for assessing cognitive representations of medication: the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ). The BMQ-Specific assesses representations of medication prescribed for personal use and the BMQ-General assesses beliefs about medicines in general.

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Comparisons of Internal consistency mevicines values obtained in the Maltese study with the original and others published in different languages. The forward translation was discussed and revised for better harmonisation of concepts in the instrument, with the intention of capturing the conceptual meaning of the items. The same reasoning was applied for this study.

Developing test score reports that work: This could be indicative of the item being relatively unstable in the overuse scale. Table 7 Principal component analysis using varimax rotation with Kaiser Normalisation.

Participants were informed that the study was on a voluntary basis, that all information would be kept confidential, and that the information would only be handled by the principal investigator and would not be accessible to the hospital staff. Irrespective of chronic illness and age, low alpha values questionnairf the Maltese study are thought to be related to the concept of natural remedies being relatively new and thereby misunderstood by the cohort.

Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ)

Internal Consistency Cronbach alpha values are presented in Table 3. Principal Component Analysis PCA using Varimax rotation with Kaiser normalisation was carried out to analyse component loading of the items on the respective sub-scales. Eur Rev Appl Psychol. The principal investigator was quesyionnaire during the filling of the questionnaire.


BMQ – Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire

However, this was not done as the recalculated alpha value of 0. Beliefs about medicines among Swedish pharmacy employees. Specific-Concerns scale assesses perceptions of the likelihood of adverse reactions as a consequence of taking the prescribed medication.

Adaptation and validation study of the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire in psychiatric outpatients in a community mental health setting. Table 6 Principal component bellefs using varimax rotation with Kaiser Normalisation.

Due to the nature of the items loaded on component 4, this was identified as the Specific-concerns sub-scale items developed as representative of the scale include S2, S5, S6, S8, S9.

In the Spanish study by De las Cuevas et al.

Necessity and Concerns, 5 items per sub-scale. Sao Paulo Med J.

A simple guide and reference. Back translation The Maltese version was back translated to English by a certified translator who had no access to the original version of the BMQ, since reversibility is crucial to equivalence.

In summary, throughout the present study, the main problem was with the item on natural remedies, with this term presenting difficulties in conceptual equivalence amongst other translations.

Psychometric properties of the Belief about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ) in the Maltese language

Table 8 Principal component analysis carried out on individual sub-scales to confirm factor loading. J Eval Clin Pract. This is the first study to assess psychometric properties of the BMQ in the Maltese language. Component 2 was identified as the General-harm scale with items G5 and G6, two items that were originally developed for this scale, having high loadings for this component items developed as representative of scale include G2, G3, G5, G6.


Natural remedies were part of folklore which people in Malta moved away from upon introduction of what is today considered to be conventional medicine. Educ Meas Issues Pract. Beliefs about health and illness in women managed for gestational diabetes in two organisations. Principal component analysis with Varimax rotation confirmed the original four factor structure Table 6 and Table 7 explaining The physicians were briefed about the aims of the study, the BMQ itself and the target number of patients to be recruited.

Evaluating the validity and reliability of the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire in low-income, Spaninsh-speaking patients with diabetes in the United States. For the purpose of the present study, only the Maltese version was used.

To further confirm factor loading, PCA was then carried out on the items in each sub-scale in order to verify that the items in each sub-scale were loading on one component. The items are scored on a 5 point Likert scale with scores ranging from 4 to